Question 24. How important do you think continuing economic growth is for the next Local Plan?

Showing forms 91 to 120 of 151
Form ID: 49038
Respondent: M. F. Mead and Son
Agent: Strutt & Parker

Nothing chosen

12. According to the ‘big themes’ of the Greater Cambridge Local Plan, it is important that local village centres, at a range of scales provide varied employment. The National Planning Policy Framework 2019 (NPPF), reflect this with its focus on sustainable development, stating in paragraph 84 states that; “Planning policies and decisions should recognise that sites to meet local business and community needs in rural areas may have to be found adjacent to or beyond existing settlements”. 13. The application site is exactly the type of site the NPPF is referring to; a medium sized site, located adjacent to the development limit, and provides a proposed rural hub in conjunction with the housing, to accommodate small and medium sized local businesses. In order for the emerging Greater Cambridge Local Plan to be found ‘sound’ it must be consistent with the policies detailed in the NPPF; including paragraph 84 identified above. 14. Summary: Support for providing land in sustainable locations to enable economic growth to continue

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Form ID: 49066
Respondent: Southern & Regional Developments Ltd
Agent: Claremont Planning Consultancy Ltd

Somewhat important

It is very important that the Local Plan supports economic growth through the next Plan period. Without the Plan ensuring economic growth as a fundamental component in its development strategy, it will fail to secure the longevity and vibrancy of the Plan area in the long term. Southern & Regional Developments (Cottenham) recommends that the Plan should recognise the key importance of sustaining the economic growth throughout the next Plan period and support the deliery of the strategic infrastructure strategy to 2050. Unless the Plan ensures economic growth as a fundamental component of the development strategy, it will fail to secure the longevity and vibrancy of the Plan area in the long term. It must be recognised that economic growth and prosperity across the Plan area has a significant relationship with other aspects of the Local Plan, in particular residential demand and housing growth. These elements of the Plan are directly related and therefore new policies that are adopted by the Plan must acknowledge this interconnectivity. It is recognised that the Plan area has benefited recently from significant levels of economic growth that has benefited the area considerably. It is essential that the Plan recognises the resulting significant pressures on the local housing market and address this appropiately through a necessary quantum of development. As such, the level of housing should reflect this and a substantial increase in housing numbers for the new Plan to deliver would ensure that this increased demand can be met. As such, the Plan, whilst supporting economic growth, must ensure that it is appropriately managed so that development which is implemented is sustainable and appropriate in terms of scale, design and location. Therefore, the Plan needs to implement a spatial strategy which can support both economic and housing growth to meet the needs of the new Plan period. Summary of Comments: The plan should support economic growth and recognise the need to implement higher levels of housing to support this growth.

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Form ID: 49129
Respondent: Gladman Developments
Agent: None None

Very important

6.1.1 Continuing economic growth across the Greater Cambridge area is of fundamental importance and needs to be properly considered and planned for through the new Local Plan. Greater Cambridge is a key component of the Oxford to Cambridge growth arc, which is of national significance and therefore the Greater Cambridge Local Plan will have a key role to play in shaping this area and delivering transformational scales of growth. 6.1.2 It will be important that these growth opportunities are maximised and that the Councils work alongside the other LPA’s in the arc to ensure the potential of the area is realised. 6.1.3 Gladman also refer to the Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Devolution Deal which was agreed by the seven Councils across Cambridgeshire and Peterborough and the LEP back in November 2016, with the Order being signed in March 2017. The Devolution deal includes a £600 million fund to support economic growth as well as a £100 million housing fund and £70 million fund to build more Council rented homes. 6.1.4 Gladman note the importance of the economy of Cambridge nationally and the fact that this needs to be a key consideration during the preparation of the Greater Cambridge Local Plan.

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Form ID: 49239
Respondent: L&Q Estates Ltd and Hill Residential Ltd
Agent: Guy Kaddish

Nothing chosen

National policy requires Local Planning Authorities to support development that builds on economic growth, increases productivity and where development builds on a location’s strengths. The National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF)1, paragraph 7 confirms that the purpose of the planning system is to contribute to the achievement of sustainable development. One of the three overarching objectives intended to contribute towards sustainable development, as set out in paragraph 8, states: “An economic objective – to help build a strong, responsive and competitive economy, by ensuring that sufficient land of the right types is available in the right places and at the right time to support growth, innovation and improved productivity; and by identifying and coordinating the provision of infrastructure.” Chapter 6 of the revised NPPF specifically deals with the need to build a strong competitive economy. Paragraph 80 states: “Planning policies and decisions should help create the conditions in which businesses can invest, expand and adapt. Significant weight should be placed on the need to support economic growth and productivity, taking into account both local business needs and wider opportunities for development. The approach taken should allow each area to build on its strengths, counter any weaknesses and address the challenges of the future. This is particularly important where Britain can be a global leader in driving innovation, and in areas with high levels of productivity, which should be able to capitalise on their performance and potential.” Cambridge has a recognised role in delivering the UK Industrial strategy. Particularly it can help increase UK GVA growth through higher productivity as well as employment growth. Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Industrial Strategy supports the UK Industry Strategy. It looks to leverage the strengths of the Cambridge cluster, support the Cambridge innovation system, continue to attract international firms and support the expansion of high growth companies. Economic growth projections for Greater Cambridge have come under scrutiny with the Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Independent Economic Commissions (IEC) providing evidence in their report (CPIER) suggesting official statistics under represent past levels of economic growth in the region and have projected them forward, thereby underestimating future employment growth. To meet C&PCA target of doubling GVA by 2041, a significant increase in growth in both employment and productivity is required in Greater Cambridge. This in turn will require a step change in the level of both office and industrial premises to accommodate this growth. 1 MHCLG. February 2019. National Planning Policy Framework. The emphasis on clean growth places a responsibility on planners to make the most of locations, benefiting from rail infrastructure and active travel opportunities. Investment in low energy buildings is also key to improving energy productivity. Economic Growth is essential to Greater Cambridge and the surrounding area as identified by CPIER (Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Independent Economic Review). As part of the devolution contract to Cambridgeshire and Peterborough is a commitment to doubling the economic output of the area (Gross Value Added) over 25 years. This target needs to be at the heart of the Plan.

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Form ID: 49282
Respondent: Southern & Regional Developments Ltd
Agent: Claremont Planning Consultancy Ltd

Very important

It is very important that the Local Plan supports economic growth through the next Plan period. Without the Plan ensuring economic growth as a fundamental component in its development strategy, it will fail to secure the longevity and vibrancy of the Plan area in the long term. Southern & Regional Developments (Waterbeach) recommends that the Plan should recognise the key importance of sustaining the economic growth throughout the next Plan period and support the deliery of the strategic infrastructure strategy to 2050. Unless the Plan ensures economic growth as a fundamental component of the development strategy, it will fail to secure the longevity and vibrancy of the Plan area in the long term. It must be recognised that economic growth and prosperity across the Plan area has a significant relationship with other aspects of the Local Plan, in particular residential demand and housing growth. These elements of the Plan are directly related and therefore new policies that are adopted by the Plan must acknowledge this interconnectivity. It is recognised that the Plan area has benefited recently from significant levels of economic growth that has benefited the area considerably. It is essential that the Plan recognises the resulting significant pressures on the local housing market and address this appropiately through a necessary quantum of development. As such, the level of housing should reflect this and a substantial increase in housing numbers for the new Plan to deliver would ensure that this increased demand can be met. As such, the Plan, whilst supporting economic growth, must ensure that it is appropriately managed so that development which is implemented is sustainable and appropriate in terms of scale, design and location. Therefore, the Plan needs to implement a spatial strategy which can support both economic and housing growth to meet the needs of the new Plan period. Summary of Comments: The plan should support economic growth and recognise the need to implement higher levels of housing to support this growth.

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Form ID: 49370
Respondent: Cambridge Past, Present & Future

Neither important nor unimportant

• This is a question of the greatest importance, and it is regrettable that this simplistic tick-thebox approach leaves it open to a variety of interpretations. In consequence the single answer format in the consultation document is unhelpful. Obviously continued economic growth is desirable but it cannot be at the expense of the environment or social cohesion. We need growth that is genuinely sustainable rather than an unbalanced rapid dash for growth just to meet a Government target. • CambridgePPF takes issue with the crude objective of doubling GVA of Greater Cambridge over 25 years. This could mean doubling the area’s population along with an unchanged GVA per capita. Equally it could mean doubling GVA per capita through gains in productivity along with an unchanged population. We can see little evidence that consideration is being given to increasing productivity per caput which could take some of the heat out of the development pressures. • Over recent years, national policies have given strong encouragement and support for economic growth in and around Cambridge, but the current emphasis on rebalancing the UK economy may lessen such support in future. Sustainable growth, taking into account economic, social, and environmental issues, will only be achievable if public investment in our green, grey and social infrastructure is commensurate with the dynamism of the knowledgebased sectors. If the necessary investment in green, grey and social infrastructure is not forthcoming, growth aspirations must be reduced. • The consultation refers to the many other sectors that provide job opportunities for local people and we agree that these need to be given full consideration in the Plan. However, we urge that a more sophisticated approach be developed towards the tourism sector to recognise that whilst longer-stay visitors may bring economic benefit to restaurants, hotels, pubs and the like, many short-term visitors generate little benefit yet their increasing numbers damage the functioning and amenity of Cambridge city centre. • We strongly support the provision of employment land in new settlements such as Northstowe not only to provide opportunities for their own residents but also to provide lower cost sites and premises for businesses that provide essential services across the subregion but cannot afford the high rents in Cambridge. Continued vigilance will be required to ensure that higher-value housing development is not allowed to crowd out employment uses.

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Form ID: 49420
Respondent: West Suffolk Council

Nothing chosen

Very important, in order to provide a range of jobs to support the needs of the communities.

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Form ID: 49428
Respondent: TTP Group Plc
Agent: Savills

Nothing chosen

Savills (UK) Limited act on behalf of TTP Group Plc in respect of their land interests in and around Melbourn within South Cambridgeshire and consider it entirely appropriate to be responding to the Council’s current Issues and Options Consultation in the form of “The First Conversation”. In terms of the response to the above question, there is no doubt that Cambridge continues to make a significant contribution to the national economy. Indeed it is fair to say that the City and surrounding area is synonymous with the focus on high technology sector with the University and many of the spin out companies becoming world leaders in innovation. It is entirely appropriate that the very attributes and credentials for growth that Cambridge can display and foster, are the same characteristics that form a platform for the Greater Cambridge area to exploit and focus upon in terms of accelerated economic growth. Indeed it is the case that the Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Independent Economic Review (CPIER) reported in 2018 that recent employment growth had been faster than previously forecast and they have considered future scenarios that suggest a doubling of the economic growth over the next 25 years. The consequence of such growth and its impact on the Greater Cambridge area should not be underestimated and clearly such significant growth in one sector needs commensurate growth in the other i.e. new housing, including affordable and accessible housing for people to rent and buy. Any local plan for the Greater Cambridge area must accordingly plan for significant economic growth and investment. The Plan must importantly ensure that growth comes forward in parallel with the appropriate infrastructure to ensure that the very real benefits associated with economic wealth are not diluted by problems of accessibility, cost and efficiency. Such new grown will necessarily be a mix of new investment coming into the area through new companies and firms moving into the Greater Cambridgeshire area as well as the expansion of existing successful companies and groups such as TTP Group Plc. The investment that TTP have made into the Melbourn Science Park is substantial and the real benefits accruing from such investment not only extend to the employees of the business but importantly also to the village, its residents and visitors. For example the granting of the extension to the Melbourn Science Park by some 100,000 sq ft has generated a substantial amount of money to be put into Melbourn Hub in the village which reflects the very real well established relationship that the company has developed over many years with the local area. In the context of TTP and a strategy of investing in the expansion of its businesses, it is entirely appropriate that policies within the new Local Plan should provide the necessary flexibility to allow firms and organisations to expand their businesses whether these are within the urban area, in the villages or in the countryside. The test is whether the development proposals for expansion can address the necessary development management policies and in such a context, the presumption should be in the favour of expansion proposals having regard to the Council’s agenda for economic growth within the plan period. TTP play a major role within the local economy in Greater Cambridge. Their commitment and investment to local businesses and the resulting relationship with local people is at the cornerstone of the business and it is entirely appropriate that local planning authorities to continue to support proposals for economic growth on the basis that all planning considerations for local, expansion of businesses can be satisfactorily addressed.

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Form ID: 49538
Respondent: Histon & Impington Parish Council

Somewhat important

Important in the sense that the requirement for new housing is driven by need to catch up with previous economic development and then match an ever increasing (Unrealistic given economic history?) high rate of growth. Nevertheless, where the jobs growth will occur should drive the location of development, as opposed to current Plan that have the major jobs growth to the South of Cambridge and major growth in housing (Darwin green, Sewage treatment works, Waterbeach, Northstowe, Wing Development and Cambridge airfield) necessitating travel to work through a city ill equipped and with an existing infrastructure deficit. Developers will not pay the cost of the more complicated infrastructure, so emphasis should be in the new plan on housing growth closer to the new jobs. Re-consider and re-collaborate what we value and promote these values at all levels other than just achieving a large wage pack and high levels of income. Consider the difference between happiness and joy as we possibly are at the stage where more time spent with families and working to promote our communities is more important than bottom line alone AND in fact may in the longer-term feed into a more sustainable bottom line

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Form ID: 49592
Respondent: Fulbourn Forum for community action

Somewhat important

• Continued economic growth must not be at the expense of the environment (both natural and built) and social cohesion (Cambridge is already one of the most unequal societies in the UK). The proposed doubling of total economic output appears to be related to the combined Cambridgeshire and Peterborough area, but there is no clear indication of how this might relate to the Greater Cambridge area (City and South Cambs). This doubling of economic output (even if desirable, which is doubtful) could take place to some extent outside the Greater Cambridge area, limiting (but not totally avoiding) impact on the Local Plan. No mention is made of the possibility for economic growth to be achieved through increased productivity, rather than a doubling of the population and employment sites. • But what is the vision for Cambridge? – is it to remain a compact city surrounded by Green Belt, or is it to expand, both into the Green Belt and with considerable densification on the outer edges of the city. We believe that the popular desire is for the former vision, a compact city. • We support the provision of employment land in the new settlements to provide opportunities for residents, but also lower cost sites and premises for businesses. But without the necessary infrastructure in place, growth aspirations need to be reduced. The impact of these developments on central Cambridge must also be considered – the new settlements are not far from Cambridge, which will be a magnet for shopping, leisure and social interaction. • Our village, Fulbourn, already has a much above average number of employment premises and opportunities, as has been identified in the writing of the Neighbourhood Plan. This has impacted on the road network and the wider infrastructure, meaning that further growth in this sector is unlikely to be sustainable.

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Form ID: 49618
Respondent: Essex County Council

Very important

ECC considers that facilitating the delivery of economic growth in future spatial plans is paramount. It is important to note the opportunities available in Essex and ensure future growth in Greater Cambridge maximises the synergies and opportunities provided from key locations in both counties. ECC recognises the need for the Local Plan to take a holistic approach to job provision. It is also recommended that the Local Plan supports the need to provide a range of employment land and protect some typologies of employment land.

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Form ID: 49742
Respondent: Martin Grant Homes Ltd & Harcourt Developments Ltd
Agent: Savills

Nothing chosen

The Issues and Options report identifies that the Greater Cambridge economy is of national importance. MGH agrees with this assessment. Continuing economic growth is vital for the nation, the region, and for Greater Cambridgeshire. The importance of the Cambridge economy extends across the region, but there are also multiple benefits that arise locally. The international reputation of Cambridge powers a local economy that is much more than global high tech businesses. This international reputation has been a spring-board for diverse local business across a wide range of types, including start-ups, studios, workshops, manufacturing, leisure, retail and logistics businesses. This process needs to be encouraged and facilitated to ensure a diverse local economy is created that ensures that the benefits of growth are spread across the population rather than being focussed solely in one sector or location. This ongoing economic diversification will help to balance social and economic differences and social inequalities across the Greater Cambridge area. The ongoing ability of Greater Cambridge to provide economic growth, and therefore improvements in standards of living for the area as a whole, are highlighted in the Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Independent Economic Review (CPIER), September 2018*. The CPIER indicates that employment growth to date has been faster than envisaged. The Councils should look to draw on this opportunity to deliver better lifestyles for all those living and working in the wider region, and in particular to deliver benefits across the communities of Greater Cambridge. *Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Independent Economic Review, September 2018

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Form ID: 49760
Respondent: Lolworth Developments Limited
Agent: Bidwells

Nothing chosen

Lolworth Developments Ltd (LDL) has submitted a 100ha employment site proposal to the 'Call for Sites' consultation in March 2019. LDL has submitted further supporting evidence as to why the site is the best location to serve the area and the 'final mile' into Cambridge. See Strategic Case Report and Vision Document submitted under Q2. It is essential to Greater Cambridge and the surrounding area as identified by CPIER (Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Independent Economic Review). As part of the devolution contract to Cambridgeshire and Peterborough is a commitment to doubling the economic output of the area (Gross Value Added) over 25 years. This is a challenging target and needs to be a major factor at the heart of the Plan. Summary It is essential to Greater Cambridge and the surrounding area as identified by CPIER (Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Independent Economic Review). As part of the devolution contract to Cambridgeshire and Peterborough is a commitment to doubling the economic output of the area (Gross Value Added) over 25 years. This is a challenging target and needs to be a factor at the heart of the Plan. Summary of Comments: Please see summary above.

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Form ID: 49785
Respondent: Thakeham Homes Ltd

Very important

Very Important Cambridge has seen significant economic growth in the science, biotech and medical sectors. The creation of jobs has resulted in Gross Disposable Income per head growing by 11% between 2011 and 2016 in real terms. The contribution the area makes to the UK economy has been significant. However, growth in employment has not been matched by corresponding housebuilding or infrastructure. Thakeham support the Councils’ approach of significantly increasing housing supply to aid the recent and continuing economic growth and improve affordability across the district. In Thakeham’s view, it is vital that the Councils’ plan for sufficient housing numbers, in order to not hinder economic growth. In Thakeham’s view, the strategy for allocating new development should include planning for larger scale development through the provision of fully planned and infrastructure-led new settlements, as well as extensions to existing villages, which the National Planning Policy Framework (NPPF) states is the best way to achieve supply of large numbers of new homes (Paragraph 74). The allocation of new settlements can deliver much-needed affordable housing, as well as access to employment, open space, and other community facilities while being able to implement all of the key themes of climate change, placemaking, social inclusion and wellbeing and biodiversity through responsible design. This will enable the benefits of economic growth of the district to be felt by all parts of the community. In addition, Thakeham support the provision of new modern flexible co-working space within any new developments, especially outside the centre of Cambridge, in order to promote economic growth, create new employment opportunities, and reduce the need to travel across the District to work. This will enable the benefits of economic growth of the District to be felt by all parts of the community, as well as contribute towards the Councils’ wider net-zero carbon goals through reduced travel.

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Form ID: 49809
Respondent: Lolworth Developments Limited
Agent: Bidwells

Nothing chosen

Lolworth Developments Ltd (LDL) has submitted a 100ha employment site proposal to the 'Call for Sites' consultation in March 2019. LDL has submitted further supporting evidence as to why the site is the best location to serve the area and the 'final mile' into Cambridge. See Strategic Case Report and Vision Document submitted under Q2. It is essential to Greater Cambridge and the surrounding area as identified by CPIER (Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Independent Economic Review). As part of the devolution contract to Cambridgeshire and Peterborough is a commitment to doubling the economic output of the area (Gross Value Added) over 25 years. This is a challenging target and needs to be a major factor at the heart of the Plan. Summary of Comments: Please see summary above. Summary It is essential to Greater Cambridge and the surrounding area as identified by CPIER (Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Independent Economic Review). As part of the devolution contract to Cambridgeshire and Peterborough is a commitment to doubling the economic output of the area (Gross Value Added) over 25 years. This is a challenging target and needs to be a factor at the heart of the Plan. Summary of Comments: Please see summary above.

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Form ID: 49884
Respondent: Cambourne Town Council

Very important

No answer given

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Form ID: 49948
Respondent: Southern & Regional Developments Ltd

Very important

It is very important that the Local Plan supports economic growth through the next Plan period. Without the Plan ensuring economic growth as a fundamental component in its development strategy, it will fail to secure the longevity and vibrancy of the Plan area in the long term. Southern & Regional Developments (Swavesey) recommends that the Plan should recognise the key importance of sustaining the economic growth throughout the next Plan period and support the deliery of the strategic infrastructure strategy to 2050. Unless the Plan ensures economic growth as a fundamental component of the development strategy, it will fail to secure the longevity and vibrancy of the Plan area in the long term. It must be recognised that economic growth and prosperity across the Plan area has a significant relationship with other aspects of the Local Plan, in particular residential demand and housing growth. These elements of the Plan are directly related and therefore new policies that are adopted by the Plan must acknowledge this interconnectivity. It is recognised that the Plan area has benefited recently from significant levels of economic growth that has benefited the area considerably. It is essential that the Plan recognises the resulting significant pressures on the local housing market and address this appropiately through a necessary quantum of development. As such, the level of housing should reflect this and a substantial increase in housing numbers for the new Plan to deliver would ensure that this increased demand can be met. As such, the Plan, whilst supporting economic growth, must ensure that it is appropriately managed so that development which is implemented is sustainable and appropriate in terms of scale, design and location. Therefore, the Plan needs to implement a spatial strategy which can support both economic and housing growth to meet the needs of the new Plan period. Summary of Comments: The plan should support economic growth and recognise the need to implement higher levels of housing to support this growth.

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Form ID: 49978
Respondent: Newlands Developments
Agent: Turley

Nothing chosen

4.62 It is considered that continuing economic growth for the next Local Plan is essential for achieving housing growth and cementing the joint District’s economic prospects for the next 20 years, especially in light of on-going economic uncertainty. 4.63 Both Cambridge City and South Cambridgeshire are situated at the heart of major national and regional economic corridor initiatives, including the Oxford to Cambridge arc; the London to Stansted to Cambridge innovation corridor and the Cambridge to Norwich technology corridor, alongside major road investment in improvements to the A14. 4.64 The joint authorities therefore have the opportunity to be at the forefront of spearheading and leading economic growth for both the region and nationally and not just for the proposed plan period up to 2040 but beyond for generations to come. 4.65 The new Local Plan provides the opportunity to provide the range and type of jobs and homes required to endorse these aims. 4.66 Furthermore, and as emphasised in the Employment Land Needs Report, the proposed masterplan for Brickyard Farm alone is capable of delivering an estimated additional £160.9 million annual uplift in productivity during the construction phases and an estimated £184.7 million annual contribution to economic productivity with the area once fully occupied, generating approximately £10 million business rate revenue. 4.67 Alongside this significant investment and uplift in productivity, an estimated 3,260 direct full time equivalent jobs are likely to be created across a range of skills sets.

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Form ID: 50078
Respondent: Marshall Group Properties
Agent: Quod

Nothing chosen

The four Big Themes set out in the emerging Plan must be achieved alongside the provision of new homes, jobs and infrastructure – which are also referred to as pillars of the plan. We recognise that these pillars are development types, and the Big Themes cut across each of them, but we feel it is important to recognise that the Big Themes are only relevant insofar as they shape and support the delivery of growth (i.e. homes, jobs and infrastructure). Indeed, without the change and investment that growth can bring, the Themes cannot be achieved. We would encourage the Councils increase the emphasis on the importance of these pillars as they are clearly pivotal to the growth and economic prosperity of the area. It is important that these three strands are balanced in order to deliver sustainable communities that function efficiently. In terms of economic growth, the CPIER confirms that the Combined Authority has a growth target of doubling GVA over 25 years, as set out in its Devolution Deal. The CPIER recognises that, in order to achieve this in part, the Combined Authority will seek to attract knowledge-intensive businesses which would not locate elsewhere in the UK. The Councils have jointly committed to embracing the recommendations of the CPIER through a Growth Ambition Statement, that was presented and agreed at the Combined Authority Board Meeting in November 2018. The scale of the opportunity at Cambridge East is unprecedented and would provide a substantive contribution to meeting the city's employment needs, but without compromising its housing potential. Cambridge East has the capacity to provide 38,000 new jobs across a variety of sectors, both skilled and unskilled.

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Form ID: 50117
Respondent: Southern & Regional Developments Ltd
Agent: Claremont Planning Consultancy Ltd

Nothing chosen

On behalf of European Property Venutres (Cambridgshire), Claremont Planning recommends that the Plan recognises the key importance of sustaining th economic growth throughout the next Plan period and support the deliery of the strategic infrastructure strategy to 2050. Unless the Plan ensures economic growth as a fundamental component of the development strategy, it will fail to secure the longevity and vibrancy of the Plan area in the long term. It must be recognised that economic growth and prosperity across the Plan area has a significant relationship with other aspects of the Local Plan, in particular residential demand and housing growth. These elements of the Plan are directly related and therefore new policies that are adopted by the Plan must acknowledge this interconnectivity. It is recognised that the Plan area has benefited recently from significant levels of economic growth that has benefited the area considerably. It is essential that the Plan recognises the resulting significant pressures on the local housing market and address this appropiately through a necessary quantum of development. As such, the level of housing should reflect this and a substantial increase in housing numbers for the new Plan to deliver would ensure that this increased demand can be met. As such, the Plan, whilst supporting economic growth, must ensure that it is appropriately managed so that development which is implemented is sustainable and appropriate in terms of scale, design and location. Therefore, the Plan needs to implement a spatial strategy which can support both economic and housing growth to meet the needs of the new Plan period. Summary of Comments: The plan should support economic growth and recognise the need to implement higher levels of housing to support this growth.

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Form ID: 50147
Respondent: Trinity College
Agent: Bidwells

Nothing chosen

6.1 As referred to in Section 2 of these representations, National Planning Policy confirms “Significant weight should be placed on the need to support economic growth and productivity, taking into account both local business needs and wider opportunities for development” (NPPF, paragraph 80). The approach taken should allow each area to build on its strengths, counter any weaknesses and address the challenges of the future. 6.2 Cambridge’s hi-technology clusters, particularly in AI, bio-tech and agri-tech are recognised in the UK Industrial Strategy as an essential element of the UK economy to support “…towns such as MK, Oxford and Cambridge (that) have been hot spots for job creation. We must promote growth through fostering clusters and connectivity across cities, towns and surrounding areas.” 6.3 Growth relies on increases in employment and productivity and the Cambridge and Peterborough Independent Economic Review (CPIER) emphasises the need for productivity growth in this region as employment rates are so high. Economic growth is therefore essential for the next Local Plan. As part of the devolution contract to Cambridgeshire and Peterborough is a commitment to doubling the economic output of the area (Gross Value Added) over 25 years. This is a challenging target and needs to factor at the heart of the Plan. 6.4 Allocating the Gas Field, Madingley Road for employment development in its location within an employment cluster on a transport corridor, would help to meet the target of doubling GVA in Cambridgeshire and Peterborough.

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Form ID: 50185
Respondent: Campaign to Protect Rural England (CPRE)

Nothing chosen

The assumption of continued economic growth has to change in the light of climate change. Changes to the economic situation should be one of the factors taken into consideration but assumed growth should not form the key driver for development. Investment in knowledge clusters and technologies that support and reduce the impact on climate change should be given priority. We need to be planning for a rapidly changing economic climate post Brexit and in the age of the always connected Internet of Things. We should not be planning for the jobs of today. The future will have much more teleworking and automation will bring further radical changes to how, where and when economic activity takes place.

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Form ID: 50266
Respondent: Brookgate Property and Aviva Investors
Agent: Bidwells

Nothing chosen

5.1 As referred to in Section 2 of these representations, National Planning Policy confirms “Significant weight should be placed on the need to support economic growth and productivity, taking into account both local business needs and wider opportunities for development” (NPPF, paragraph 80). The approach taken should allow each area to build on its strengths, counter any weaknesses and address the challenges of the future. 5.2 Cambridge’s hi-technology clusters, particularly in AI, bio-tech and agri-tech are recognised in the UK Industrial Strategy as an essential element of the UK economy to support “…towns such as MK, Oxford and Cambridge (that) have been hot spots for job creation. We must promote growth through fostering clusters and connectivity across cities, towns and surrounding areas.” 5.3 Growth relies on increases in employment and productivity and the Cambridge and Peterborough Independent Economic Review (CPIER) emphasises the need for productivity growth in this region as employment rates are so high. Economic growth is therefore essential for the next Local Plan. As part of the devolution contract to Cambridgeshire and Peterborough is a commitment to doubling the economic output of the area (Gross Value Added) over 25 years. This is a challenging target and needs to factor at the heart of the Plan.

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Form ID: 50303
Respondent: Fen Ditton Parish Council

Nothing chosen

- Some degree of growth is important due to the way our society functions. It does not follow that if growth is ‘good’, more growth is ‘better’. Doubling real GVA over 25 years implies a, possibly high, growth rate of around 2.8% percent or more. - Increased GVA must rely on a combination of more people or more GVA per person. GVA per person can be misleading depending if only the resident working population is considered or if the number of net inward commuters is also taken into account. GVA per person (and productivity?) may depend on staff costs and therefore housing costs. In turn, housing costs and transport availability may drive the number of inward and outward journeys to work or the proportion of low paying jobs. Demographics will also be relevant as this is aa factor in both the inward and outward migration taking place between City and other GC areas and the GC area and the rest of the country. - We suggest it is therefore important that the LDP sets out clearly what is the current situation and how these factors are assumed to be linked in the future.

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Form ID: 50351
Respondent: Brookgate
Agent: Bidwells

Nothing chosen

5.1 As referred to in Section 2 of these representations, National Planning Policy confirms “Significant weight should be placed on the need to support economic growth and productivity, taking into account both local business needs and wider opportunities for development” (NPPF, paragraph 80). The approach taken should allow each area to build on its strengths, counter any weaknesses and address the challenges of the future. 5.2 Cambridge’s hi-technology clusters, particularly in AI, bio-tech and agri-tech are recognised in the UK Industrial Strategy as an essential element of the UK economy to support “…towns such as MK, Oxford and Cambridge (that) have been hot spots for job creation. We must promote growth through fostering clusters and connectivity across cities, towns and surrounding areas.” 5.3 Growth relies on increases in employment and productivity and the Cambridge and Peterborough Independent Economic Review (CPIER) emphasises the need for productivity growth in this region as employment rates are so high. Economic growth is therefore essential for the next Local Plan. As part of the devolution contract to Cambridgeshire and Peterborough is a commitment to doubling the economic output of the area (Gross Value Added) over 25 years. This is a challenging target and needs to factor at the heart of the Plan.

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Form ID: 50387
Respondent: Janus Henderson UK Property PAIF
Agent: Bidwells

Nothing chosen

5.1 As referred to in Section 2 of these representations, National Planning Policy confirms “Significant weight should be placed on the need to support economic growth and productivity, taking into account both local business needs and wider opportunities for development” (NPPF, paragraph 80). The approach taken should allow each area to build on its strengths, counter any weaknesses and address the challenges of the future. 5.2 Cambridge’s hi-technology clusters, particularly in AI, bio-tech and agri-tech are recognised in the UK Industrial Strategy as an essential element of the UK economy to support “…towns such as MK, Oxford and Cambridge (that) have been hot spots for job creation. We must promote growth through fostering clusters and connectivity across cities, towns and surrounding areas.” 5.3 Growth relies on increases in employment and productivity and the Cambridge and Peterborough Independent Economic Review (CPIER) emphasises the need for productivity growth in this region as employment rates are so high. Economic growth is therefore essential for the next Local Plan. As part of the devolution contract to Cambridgeshire and Peterborough is a commitment to doubling the economic output of the area (Gross Value Added) over 25 years. This is a challenging target and needs to factor at the heart of the Plan. 5.4 Allocating part or all of Land at Capital Park for employment development in its location would help to meet the target of doubling GVA in Cambridgeshire and Peterborough.

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Form ID: 50458
Respondent: Granta Park Estates Ltd.
Agent: Bidwells

Nothing chosen

It is essential to Greater Cambridge and the surrounding area as identified by CPIER (Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Independent Economic Review). As part of the devolution contract to Cambridgeshire and Peterborough is a commitment to doubling the economic output of the area (Gross Value Added) over 25 years. This is a challenging target and needs to be a factor at the heart of the Plan. A vital part of this is enabling the continued growth of significant economic contributors such as Granta Park and providing for the housing needs of their highly skilled workforce.

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Form ID: 50461
Respondent: The Bell Educational Trust and Bell Educational Services
Agent: Turley

Nothing chosen

Summary: 3.12 In summary, the Trust consider that future Local Plan policy should provide a coherent and inclusive approach to the expansion of all educational establishments in the City with no exceptions. The current policy approach creates restrictions for those establishments falling within the ‘specialist colleges and language schools’ category. The contribution that these establishments make to the local economy means that their future expansion should be enabled without overly restrictive measures being put in place. Full Text: 3.2 Cambridge is a renowned area for high quality employment and innovation in business. The Cambridge Cluster Study prepared by SQW (2011) recognised the increasing contribution language schools make to the local economy. The Study stated that ‘the Eastern Region spokesman for English UK recently estimated that the sector contributes £78m per year to the economy of the Cambridge area’ (Page 90). 3.3 The Cluster Study suggested a review in policy approach to the development of language schools stating that the NPPF supported this. 3.4 The current Local Plan 2018 allows for the expansion of language schools and other specialist colleges subject to them being able to provide residential accommodation, social and amenity facilities for all non-local students. Paragraph 5.2 of Section Five: Supporting the Cambridge Economy: states that the Council aims to strengthen and diversify the economy and provide a range of job opportunities. The Plan acknowledges, at paragraph 5.30 the significant role that language schools and other specialist colleges play in contributing to the local economy benefiting retailers, service providers and host families and the tourism sector. However the current policy also restricts the ability of this sector to grow. 3.5 The Trust made representations about the negative impact of these restrictions in the consultation for the previous Local Plan 2018 and at that time it was pointed out that the proposed wording of policy 44 did not properly reflect the positive national policy position which seeks to build a strong competitive economy. The revised NPPF 2019 continues to encourage significant weight being placed on the need to support economic growth through the planning system. The advice continues in paragraph 80 where it states that, “Planning policies and decisions should help create the conditions in which businesses can invest, expand and adapt. Significant weight should be placed on the need to support economic growth and productivity, taking into account both local business needs and wider opportunities for development”. 3.6 The Greater Cambridge Shared Planning Service (hereby referred to as the ‘Councils’’) have a target of doubling the total economic output of Cambridgeshire and Peterborough over the next 25 years. Continuing economic growth for the next Local Plan is therefore a key priority. Accordingly, all future policies must support this ambition and aid the Councils’ in achieving this aim. 3.7 It is acknowledged that there is a need to strengthen and diversify the economy of Greater Cambridge and in doing so there should be a difference in approach to the current Local Plan with both non-university schools and colleges being considered equally with the Universities in terms of their future expansion within the City. 3.8 Policy 44 of the Local Plan 2018 requires the development of support facilities including residential accommodation to be in step with the expansion of student places for specialist colleges and language schools. No such restriction is imposed on University development. 3.9 A suitable place to live along with access to adequate social and amenity facilities is needed for any non-local student irrespective of where they are studying. Any future policy should consider this approach and encourage the future development of existing business in this manner to enable future expansion to take place without overly restrictive measures being put in place. 3.10 The Issues and Options document places a key emphasis on the need to meet the net zero carbon target by 2050. This runs in tandem with the goal of doubling the economic output of Cambridgeshire and Peterborough over the next 25 years. It is therefore most logical to direct employment development to locations where the need to travel is reduced in order to meet both targets. Locations such as that occupied by the Bell School have good access to public transport and are within walking and cycling distance of the City Centre making them ideal for future expansion. 3.11 It is existing businesses such as these, in sustainable locations which should be assisted and promoted through changes to future policy.

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Form ID: 50513
Respondent: Cambridge University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Agent: No. 6 Developments

Nothing chosen

Continued economic growth is extremely important in the next Local Plan period not least because it is inextricably linked to quality of life social, physical and mental wellbeing. We note in particular the findings of the Cambridgeshire & Peterborough Independent Economic Review (CPIER), published in September 2018. This sets out a compelling case for the international importance of the Cambridge economy, a target to double the economic output of Cambridgeshire, and notes the real risk of decline if policies do not support the investment in infrastructure, housing (including affordable housing) and the economy, with a blended development strategy proposed. We note that all of the Local Authorities have signed up to recommendations of the CPIER report (November 2018), which is welcomed. In the spirit of CPIER, CUH believes that economic, housing and infrastructure growth must be given comparable weight to the other Big Themes at the very heart of the Local Plan; in line with the Government’s Objectives for Sustainable Development as set out in the NPPF. Environmental protection and economic growth, housing and infrastructure delivery are not mutually exclusive. The challenge is to deliver growth in an environmentally and socially responsible manner. The Cambridge University Hospitals Partners (of which CUH is a key stakeholder) are currently in the process of developing the 2050 Vision for the Addenbrooke’s Campus, the details of which will be shared with the Local Authorities at the appropriate time. As part of a bold future for Addenbrooke’s and the CBC, CUH plans to bring forward a new children’s hospital, the UK’s first specialist cancer hospital and a comprehensive redevelopment of Addenbrooke’s Hospital (Addenbrooke’s 3). The wider partners have their own aspirations which are going to be set out in the 2050 Vision for the Cambridge Biomedical Campus, due for publication by summer 2020. The policies of the Local Plan should provide a supportive framework for delivery of a world class NHS service at CUH, but also for the complementary research and development activities at the Biomedical Campus, that allow us to be a world leading campus, with pioneering scientific research, and leading patient care benefitting the residents who use Addenbrooke’s as their local hospital. But of course it does not stop there. For the continued success of CBC to be realised, this can only be achieved if the planning process provides a framework for delivery, if housing is delivered in the right places to provide affordable homes to the workforce, if transport improvements are delivered to reduce dependency on the car and if a joined up strategy considers all of the pillars of sustainable development. CUHP is committed to working with the Greater Cambridge Planning Service to develop an appropriate policy framework to guide the future development of Cambridge Biomedical Campus, including Addenbrooke’s Hospital.

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Form ID: 50566
Respondent: Cambridge University Health Partners
Agent: Cambridge University Health Partners

Very important

Continued economic growth is extremely important in the next Local Plan period, not least because it is inextricably linked to quality of life social, physical and mental wellbeing. We note in particular the findings of the 2018 Cambridgeshire & Peterborough Independent Economic Review (CPIER). This sets out a compelling case for the international importance of the Cambridge economy, a target to double the economic output of Cambridgeshire, and notes the real risk of decline if policies do not support the investment in infrastructure, housing (including affordable housing) and the economy, with a blended development strategy proposed. We note that all of the Local Authorities have signed up to recommendations of the CPIER report, which is welcomed. In the spirit of CPIER, CUHP believes that economic, housing and infrastructure growth must be given comparable weight to the other Big Themes at the very heart of the Local Plan; in line with the Government’s Objectives for Sustainable Development as set out in the National Planning Policy Framework. Environmental protection and economic growth, housing and infrastructure delivery are not mutually exclusive. The challenge is to deliver growth in an environmentally and socially responsible manner. A CBC Strategy Group with representation from all campus organisations has agreed to develop a Vision 2050 for the CBC. Subject to ratification by the CBC Strategy Group, this will be shared with the Greater Cambridge Planning Service by summer 2020 to define the extent, scale and location of development proposed throughout the timescale of the next Local Plan, and the anticipated number of jobs to be supported by the CBC by 2050. The CBC has a critical role in supporting local economic growth. The continued success of the campus can only be realised if the policies of the Local Plan provide a supportive framework for delivery. Housing must be delivered in the right places to provide affordable homes to the workforce and transport improvements delivered to reduce dependency on the car; all underpinned by a joined up strategy that considers all of the pillars of sustainable development. CUHP is committed to working with the Greater Cambridge Planning Service to develop an appropriate policy framework to guide the future development of the CBC.

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